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Industry 4.0 and Misconceptions

Although Industry 4.0 has a short history of about 10 years, there are many misconceptions about it. It's effects on production, services and even on our daily lives have led to some misconceptions.

Myth 1: Automation will replace people

People developed instruments a few thousand years ago, resulting in less use of muscle strength. In the 1960s, 6-axis robots, which entered our lives, reduced the need for physical power in many areas, particularly in automotive. But Industry 4.0 goes far beyond that.
According to a report by PwC, about one-third of UK jobs will be affected by automation and robotics by 2030. But the use of intelligent technology is not the end of people working in production and engineering. For example; Suppose a factory collects production data with software and automates production processes. In this case, the need for human intervention will decrease, but human will continue to be the determining factor.
This digitalization has no meaning unless the collected data is processed on productivity statistics. Exactly at that stage there is a need for human.
The human brain can never do the work that a SCADA system can do successfully. However, transferring this work to the SCADA system will reveal more creative features of the human being.

Myth 2: The latest hardware is vital

According to the 2017 Annual Production Report, 64% of manufacturers said their biggest concern about connecting applications was their high development costs. Therefore, it is critical that manufacturers determine which equipment they need before investing in industrial automation. The latest trends in automation, such as collaborative robots, may not be the right investment for every manufacturer.
For example, selecting a hardware-independent process control software can eliminate the need to invest in a completely new hardware system for the enterprise. Therefore, an intelligent production strategy should be implemented before any financial expenditure is made. Manufacturers should carefully consider what they want to achieve from the investment and make purchasing decisions based on these objectives.
In the Annual Production Report, 39% of the manufacturers report that they have difficulty in successfully implementing intelligent production initiatives. For this, companies need to prioritize employee training as much as hardware and software investment.

Myth 3: Smart factories will never be secure

By their nature, smart factories need to expand far beyond their walls and become part of a larger eco-system. This increased connectivity brings new operational risks and unknown security challenges. Manufacturers applying Industry 4.0 technologies are exposed to most of the same cyber-security threats as other industries. For example; APT, advanced persistent threat has been used against the manufacturing industry for many years. However, with Industry 4.0, this threat increases as manufacturers connect their hardware to the Internet, which they have never connected to the Internet before.
When planning for Industry 4.0 implementation, manufacturers should educate their employees on the importance of cybersecurity measures. This method can help manufacturers prevent accidental data loss and increase the overall security of the facility.
According to a report called Secure by Design, 37 percent of manufacturers took cybersecurity concerns into consideration two years ago, this rate has risen to 46 percent recently.

Myth 4: The more data is collected, the better

Although Industry 4.0 is a revolution of 9 different technologies such as layered production, AR - VR and autonomous robots, cyber physical systems, the internet is the leading one. Therefore, the Internet of Industrial Objects, which we call IoT, is one of the most important technologies in Industry 4.0. Of course, this does not mean that every industrial device must produce data and that each produced data needs to be analyzed.
It will be the most appropriate step for enterprises to determine which steps will provide speed and efficiency and reduce their costs by producing and analyzing data from the devices in that process. Producing data from each device and analyzing each data will result in slower processing and increased costs.

Myth 5: The only advantage of 3D printing is prototyping

When we look at the advantages of 3D printing, we first see that it provides instant prototyping. However, 3D printing is a technology used not only in prototyping.